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Texas State Bird - Northern Mockingbird

The Northern Mockingbird -Mimus polyglottos - is the only mockingbird commonly found in North America. This bird is mainly a permanent resident, but northern birds may move south during harsh weather. The bird is the state bird of Mississippi. Mockingbirds have a strong preference for certain trees such as maple, sweetgum and sycamore.


The adults have mainly gray upperparts, but note the blackish wings with striking white wing bars and white patch (larger in males) at base of primaries. Tail is mainly black, but with contrasting white outer feathers. Dark line emphasizes the beady yellow eye. Underparts are pale gray-buff, palest on throat and undertail. Bill is dark and slightly down curved and legs are dark. Juveniles have paler upperparts, while underparts are warmer buff and heavily spotted on throat and breast.


The Northern Mockingbird is best known for its mimicry in North America. It imitates not only birds but also other animals and mechanical sounds such as car alarms. They are also some of the loudest and most constantly vocal of birds. In addition to its well-known song, the Northern Mockingbird uses a variety of calls to communicate specific information. As with its song, these calls are among some of the louder sounds produced by birds of its size. Mockingbirds make a harsh, raspy noise when chasing other birds out of their territory. A similar but distinct call is used when defending against predators like a hawk or falcon. Other calls include a wheezing noise, a "chuck" note, and a very piercing series of notes "high low" repeated twice.


They eat mainly insects in summer, but switch to eating mostly fruit in fall and winter. These birds forage on the ground or in vegetation; they also fly down from a perch to capture food. They mainly eat insects, berries and seeds.


The males establish a nesting territory in early February. If a female enters his territory, the male will pursue the female with initial aggressive calls and, if she becomes uninterested, with softer calls. Once the pair is established, their song becomes gentler. Northern Mockingbirds tend to be monogamous, and the female may return to the same male from the previous season. Both the male and female are involved in the nest building. The male does most of the work.

The nest is built approximately three to 10 feet above the ground. The outer part of the nest is composed of twigs, while the inner part is lined with grasses, dead leaves, moss or artificial fibers. The eggs are a light blue or greenish color and speckled with dots. Three to five eggs are laid by the female, and she incubates them for nearly two weeks. Once the eggs are hatched, both the male and female feed the chicks.

The birds aggressively defend their nest and surrounding area against other birds and animals.

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Common and widespread. Northern Mockingbirds have rebounded from lows in the nineteenth century, when many were trapped or taken from nests and sold as cage birds.

Bird watching

The Northern Mockingbird enjoys making its presence known. It usually sits conspicuously on high vegetation, fences, eaves, or telephone wires, or runs and hops along the ground. Found alone or in pairs throughout the year, mockingbirds aggressively chase off intruders on their territory. Look for Northern Mockingbirds sitting high on tall shrubs, poles, or utility lines. Around your yard, you can also look for them running or hopping along your mowed lawn. You may be able to first identify the presence of a Northern Mockingbird by listening for its song which usually mimics numerous other birds at once.

Texas Hotspots

Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge

City of Anahuac Nature Trail

Attwater Prairie-Chicken National Wildlife Refuge

Big Reef Nature Park/East Beach Galveston Island

Bolivar Flats Bird Sanctuary

Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge

Brazos Bend State Park

Bryan Beach State Park

Christmas Bay State Park

Galveston Island State Park

High Island Bird Sanctuary

Horseshoe Ponds Trail

Jones State Forest

Rollover Pass

Sabine Woods

San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge

San Jacinto Battleground

San Luis Pass

Sea Rim State Park

Sheldon State Park

Smith Point and the Candy Abshier Wildlife Management Area

The Texas City Dike

White Memorial Park

Big Bend National Park

Aransas NWR

Bentsen Rio Grande State Park

Davis Mountains State Park

The Edwards Plateau

King Ranch

The Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail.

Balcones Canyonlands NWR

Buffalo Lake NWR

Hagerman NWR

Laguna Atascosa NWR

Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR

McFaddin NWR

Muleshoe NWR

Santa Ana NWR

San Bernard NWR

Trinity NWR

Bolivar Peninsula, Texas

Big Thicket National Preserve

Hazel Bazemore County Park

Bridge City (Orange County) and Adjacent Areas of Jefferson County 

Claiborne West Park (Orange County) 

Hillebrandt Bayou Watershed of Jefferson County 

Jefferson County North and West of Interstate 10 

Pleasure Island Port Arthur 

Sabine Pass to Texas Point 

Sabine Woods 

Sea Rim State Park Beach Unit 

Sea Rim State Park Marshlands Unit 

Taylor Bayou Watershed of Jefferson County 

Tyrrell Park and Cattail Marsh 

The Sabal Palm Audubon Center and Sanctuary

Feather Lake wildlife sanctuary

Camp Tyler 

Tyler State Park

Lake Tyler

Old Sabine WMA

Rose Rudman Park

Gus Engeling WMA

UT Tyler Campus

Richland Creek WMA

South Padre Island

Caddo Lake RAMSAR Site

Hornsby Bend Treatment Facility

Clymer Meadow

Mount Livermore

Chandler Independence Creek

Clive Runnells Family Mad Island Marsh Preserve

Matagorda Island

Dolan Falls




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